Passion for the PAST from historians of the FUTURE

Latest

Napoleon Bonaparte:Hero or Villain? N.S

I believe Napoleon was a villain. He was a great and influential military leader however in his later years he became so power-hungry that he did anything to achieve it. He indirectly killed so many of his own people and his arrogance and selfishness brought upon the capture of Paris and himself being exiled

Advertisements

What I find interesting about Ancient Greece – N.S

The most interesting thing that I have learnt about Greece is how much they were involved with the Gods. They lived their lives based on them and their was no real distinction between everyday life and religious practice. Religion basically made up their life as they ‘did’ rather than ‘believed’ according to the Gods. Almost every god had their own temple and this was the main place were people came to worship them.

What I find interesting about Ancient Greece – D.A

There is such a wealth of knowledge of Greek mythology available to us as it was such an important part of the ancient society. The vast number of myths – ranging from love stories, quests of vengeance, adventures, and war – just seem to be straight out of blockbuster films. The gods and goddesses of ancient Greece were not worshipped as such, but instead acknowledged. The gods were not worshipped in that people gave offerings and pleased the gods in order to simply gain favour and regularly focused on a single god or goddess. They were a part of life while their existence was never doubted. They may have been disagreed with but never doubted. There was no sense of Atheism in ancient Greece. What I find most interesting about the gods and goddesses was not the ways that the Greeks were affected by them, but the individual myths and legends involving these deities and their incredibly human characteristics. For instance, there are constant disputes of jealousy, anger and even rape because these mythological beings were based on more human ideologies compared to modern religion. Take Christianity as an example where a single all knowing and perfect God is depicted. It is such a contrast to the Greek mythology.

Hades, God of the Underworld

Hades, God of the Underworld

 

 

Primary Source 1 – Homer, ‘Iliad,’ XXIII, 61-81, 99-108

“You sleep, Achilleus; you have forgotten me; but you were not careless of me when I lived, but only in death. Bury me as quickly as may be, let me pass through the gates of Hades. The souls, the images of dead men, hold me at a distance, and will not let me cross the river and mingle among them, but I wander as I am by Hades’ house of the -wide gates. And I call upon you in sorrow, give me your hand; no longer shall I come back from death, once you give me my rite of burning. No longer shall you and I, alive, sit apart from our other beloved companions to make our plans, since the bitter destiny that was given me when I was born has opened its jaws to take me. And you, Achilleus like the gods, have your own destiny; to be killed under the wall of the prospering Trojans. . . . So he spoke, and with his own arms reached for him, but could not take him, but the spirit went underground, like vapour, with a thin cry, and Achilleus started awake, staring, and drove his hands together, and spoke, and his words were sorrowful: ‘Oh, wonder! Even in the house of Hades there is left something, a soul and an image, but there is no real heart of life in it. For all night long the phantom of unhappy Patroklos stood over me in lamentation and mourning, and the likeness to him was wonderful, and it told me each thing I should do.”

Poseidon – By L.W and D.A

 

Poseidon is an Ancient Greek deitie, son of Cronus and Rhea, he is god of the seas, earthquakes and horses. His siblings are Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Zeus. Poseidon, similar to the Roman god Neptune,is associated with a trident and dolphins. Poseidon lived on the ocean floor in a grand palace made of Coral and Gems, and drove a chariot pulled by horses.

Poseidon was a great, powerful deitie. He was a very ‘moody’ god. When he was in a good mood he would create land and calm seas, when he was in a bad mood, he would often strike his trident into the ground with such great force so as to create floods, earthquakes, shipwrecks and overall chaos.

Poseidon, similar to his brother Zeus, king of the Gods, was a very masculine deitie, and so his many lovers were often subjected to this. He raped Amymome, Caeneus and Aethra, and married or impregnated roughly 20 more Deities or humans. He had 58 offspring with his long list of lovers. Poseidon even went as far as to chase after his own sister in a bid for a lover, and produced a horse with her.

Poseidon was a great, powerful god, and though was at times very co-operative and helpful, but at other times was feared and destructive. He was truly a significant god in greek mythology.

Extract 1 –

I have before remarked in speaking of the allotments of the gods, that they distributed the whole earth into portions differing in extent, and made for themselves temples and instituted sacrifices. And Poseidon, receiving for his lot the island of Atlantis, begat children by a mortal woman, and settled them in a part of the island

Plato 360 BC, Critias Dialogue.

Extract 2 –

Socrates: Then let us next take his two brothers, Poseidon and Pluto, whether the latter is called by that or by his other name.

Hermogenes: By all means.

Socrates: Poseidon is Posidesmos, the chain of the feet; the original inventor of the name had been stopped by the watery element in his walks, and not allowed to go on, and therefore he called the ruler of this element Poseidon; the e was probably inserted as an ornament. Yet, perhaps, not so; but the name may have been originally written with a double l and not with an s, meaning that the God knew many things (Polla eidos). And perhaps also he being the shaker of the earth, has been named from shaking (seiein), and then p and d have been added.

Plato, Cratylus

Greek Myth of Poseidon – The Walls of Troy

Apollo and Poseidon, being gods who tend to do things to liven up their own lives without thinking about how their actions are unnecessary and create terrible problems for innocent people, decided to test Laomendon the kind of Troy. Poseidon and Apollo assumed the form of mortals and began to fortify the walls of Troy for wages. The works on the walls were completed and Laomendon, thinking he was in power of the situation being the king of the city, did not pay for their hard labor. The two gods were angered and inevitably, being Greek gods, wanted vengeance. Apollo sent a plague on the land while Poseidon sent a sea-monster to attack people on the plain. Oracles foretold that the only way to halt the wrath brought on by the two gods was for Laomendon to sacrifice his daughter, the Trojan princess Hesione, to the sea-monster. Laomendon fastened his daughter to rocks near the sea to be devoured, but Heracles saved her and the beast was slain.

Video made by L.W

The most interesting thing I’ve learnt about Greece by D.W

Themost interesting thuing I’ve learnt about Greece is the amount of Gods they have and what their jobs and roles are.

There were 12 main gods and goddesses. There was the “Big Three” and consisted of Zeus (God of the Skies), Poseidon (God of the Seas), and Hades (God of the Underworld). There were less major Gods and Goddesses here are the more famous ones: Ares (God of War), Athena (Goddess of Wisdom), Hera (Goddess of Marriage), Apollo (God of Prophecy), Hermes (Messenger God), Demeter (Goddess of the Bountiful Harvest), Aphrodite (Goddess of Love and Beauty) Dionysus (God of Wine and Festivities), and Hephaestus (God of the Forge).

Apollo

 
 
 
 

Apollo playing one of his instruments

Apollo

The God of of light. Apollo Is the Greek mythological god of light, sun, truth, prophecy, archery, medicine, healing, plague, music, poetry, arts and more. Apollo was born on the sunny Greek Island of Delos. His dad was the great god Zeus, his mum was the  Leto and his sister was Artemis. At the time of his birth his mother his mother Leto had been forbidden to give birth by Zeus’ wife Hera, which forced them to take refuge on the island Delos. From a young age he was raised by the goddess Themis, who fed him the sacred necter of the gods called ambrosia. A few days after he was born Apollo killed a dragon Python, the dragon had been sent by Hera to kill Leto because she gave birth to Apollo. Apollo was punished for killing the dragon Python because it was a child of Gaia. Then Hera sent the giant Titios to kill leto. Artemis helped fight the giant but the battle was finished when Zeus came into battle and hurled the giant down tartarus.

Apollo had many mates both female and male but Apollo never married. This was because he insulted the god of love (Eros/Amor/cupid), Cupid then shot him with one of his special arrows so that Apollo would have an unsuccessful love life. Apollo’s strengths from a young age had been that he was very creative, handsome and he was supportive of all arts of civilisation and in many statues and paintings he is depicted as a beardless old man and has been depicted with women.

Apollo’s original myth

Apollo played a part in the Trojan war in which he would shoot arrows infected with plague into the Greek encampment as a revenge act because they kidnapped one of his priest’s daughters. He then played a role in rescuing key gods from the battle and later he played the famous role of guiding Paris’s arrow into Achilles heel, which is where the saying comes from, as a revenge act for the killing of another god called Troilus.

2 Historical extracts about Apollo

(Apollodorus 3.10.3)-  “Aesculapius was not a son of Arsinoe, daughter of Leucippus but that he was a son of Coronis, daughter of Phlegyas in Thessaly.” 

(Pausanias 8.20.4) – “The poets who song of Apollo’s love for Daphne make an addition to the tale; that Apollo became jealous of Leuippes because of his success in his love. Forthwith Daphne and other maidens concieved a longing swin in the Ladon, and stripped Leucippus in spite of his reluctance. Then, seeing that he was no maid, they killed him with their javelins and daggers.”   Written by Peter and Eddie

A statue of the God Apollo